FITNESS

Exercise at any weight

Exercise is an important part of the weight-loss equation. Find your best fit with this kilo-by-kilo guide.

Exercise at any weight

 

50+kg to lose = incidental exercise


Any movement is better than none at all so at this stage it’s all about increasing the amount of everyday physical activity you’re doing. One way to achieve this is to reduce your amount of sedentary time. Add up the amount of time you spend sitting down, then replace 10 per cent of that time with being physically active. For example, instead of sitting and watching an entire 60-minute TV show, get up during the ad breaks and accumulate six minutes of activities such as energetic housework, brisk walking or exercising on the floor. Walk more and drive less, use the bathroom farthest from you and use the stairs instead of the lifts or escalators.

 

30–50kg to lose = low-impact exercise


In addition to increasing incidental activity, now’s the time to undertake regular low-impact exercise such as walking, swimming, aqua classes and cycling. Due to the additional pressure on joints when carrying 30–50kg excess kilos, low-impact exercise is safest to prevent injury. Try these ideas:

  • Buy an activity tracker like a Fitbit or a Jawbone and count your daily steps, increasing your weekly total by 10 per cent to increase the challenge each time.

  • Swim laps, alternating your strokes. Not a great swimmer? Do some water running forwards and backwards, swim sidestroke or even dog paddle – just keep moving!

  • Try scenic walks or bike rides, with great views.

  • Listen to music or download podcasts that keep you entertained as you exercise. Or find an exercise partner.

 

15–30kg to lose = moderate exercise


At this point you can increase your exercise options, intensity and impact slightly so you have more variety. Remember it’s always important to enjoy your exercise sessions and you certainly don’t have to push yourself beyond what you can comfortably handle. You can still exercise at a level that allows you to chat to a friend on a bike beside you or during a walk but think about introducing new elements, such as yoga, pilates, Pump and/or circuit classes, into your weekly exercise routine. These new classes add strength and flexibility workouts to your regular cardio exercise. The flexibility training assists posture and mobility while strength training helps to maintain your all-important muscle mass, which can be easily reduced when you’re losing body weight. Why is muscle mass so important? Because it helps to maintain metabolism, strength and tone.

 

5–15kg to lose = high-intensity exercise


It’s time to add some high-impact and/or high-intensity exercise into your workouts. High impact includes running, jumping and skipping, while high intensity means you’re exercising at a level where you’re huffing, puffing and can’t talk. As you weigh less now, it doesn’t take your body as much energy to move you around, which means more effort is required when you’re exercising, to continue losing weight. Instead of just walking try jogging and running too. Introduce interval training into your exercise sessions, be it a sprint from one street to the next or adding regular hills to your stationary bike program. Interval training will not only add variety and challenge your cardiorespiratory system, it will help accelerate fat loss as well. As you lose weight you’ll find many more exercise options opening up to you so, when you get to this stage, go for it!

 

0–5kg to lose = variety and challenges


To shift those last few kilos you’ve really got to up the exercise ante. Try things you’ve always wanted to give a go but never felt you could before, like surfing, skating, skiing, boxing, running, pole dancing, tennis, netball and indoor rock climbing. You could even train for a specific fitness event so you stay motivated and on track. There’s plenty on offer including fun runs, bike rides, endurance swims or even triathlons or adventure races. Over time, your body becomes more efficient at doing the same things, which means you burn fewer kilojoules doing the same exercise. So, variety is super important at this stage. Surprise yourself by introducing cross training so your body doesn’t know what to expect next. Keep moving and tackle as many challenges as possible for best results.