Food & Nutrition

How to Pick the Right Portion Sizes for You

Get the basics on how to measure and estimate portions with this handy guide.

The portion size that’s right for you depends on what you’re eating and how much you need to feel satisfied while staying within your PersonalPoints™ Budget. Using tools like measuring cups and food scales makes it easy to dole out right-for-you portions when you’re at home. But toting those tools around when you’re out to dinner or at a party? That isn't going to cut it.

How to use your hands as a portion guide

  • Your fist is about the same size as 1 cup of fruit or pasta.
  • Your thumb (tip to base) is the size of 1 ounce of meat or cheese.
  • Your palm (minus fingers) equals 3 ounces of meat, fish, or poultry.
  • Your cupped hand equals 1 to 3 ounces of nuts or pretzels.

Of course, not all hands are the same size, so it wouldn't hurt to measure yours against some measuring spoons or cups, just so you know what you're working with.

Fruit portion guide

Although many fruits are on your ZeroPoint™ food list, and they provide a lot of health benefits, they aren't calorie-free. So, what should you aim for? The general rule is two servings of fruit a day.

What does a serving of fruit look like?

  • 1 medium apple, banana, orange, or pear
  • 2 small apricots, kiwi fruits, or plums
  • 1 cup fresh fruit salad

What about fruits that have PersonalPoints values?

Some fruit is more energy-dense (meaning, higher in calories) and easier to overeat than others. They're still nutritious, but you'll want to track them. For example:

  • Coconut: 1/4 cup
  • Dried fruit: 1/4 cup

Vegetables

Many vegetables are on your ZeroPoint food list—they’re a great way to bulk out your meals and help you feel fuller, longer. The USDA recommends 1 to 3 servings a day. A serving is about:

  • Cooked non-starchy vegetables like broccoli, spinach, or carrots: 1 cup
  • Leafy or raw vegetables: 2 cups
  • Potatoes or other starchy vegetables, like corn: 1 medium (or 1 cup mashed) 

What about vegetables that have PersonalPoints values?

You'll want to take that into consideration when it comes to tracking. Unsure if a veggie has a PersonalPoints value? Check the WW app or WW.com

Meat 

A serving of meat should take up about a quarter of your plate. Or, remember these handy comparisons:

  • Red meat: Aim for a portion about the size of your palm
  • Poultry: Go for the size of a computer mouse
  • Pork: A deck of cards

Carbs 

At least half the grains you eat in a day should be whole grains, according to the USDA.

  • Rice: 1/2 cup, cooked
  • Pasta: 1/2 cup, cooked
  • Bread: 1 slice
  • Cereal: 1 cup

10 tips for measuring and portioning

The best way to learn that amount is to do some measuring. Over time, you’ll train your brain to serve up the right amount automatically. This week try weighing and measuring the foods you eat frequently, using these steps:

1. Serve yourself

What’s your typical portion? Whatever it is, dish it out. Put the amount of pasta you would usually eat into your usual bowl or plate. Then...

2. Size it up

Measure or weigh that portion, using cups or a scale. Now you know how much you’re actually eating.

3. Track it

Use your WW app to find the PersonalPoints value. (Hint: The barcode scanner is great for finding packaged foods.) How does this impact your Budget?

4. Decide what works

Does this portion work well with your Budget? Remember that you can bulk up any meal or snack with your ZeroPoint foods. For example, by using a little less pasta and adding lots of sautéed veggies instead, you can enjoy a delicious dinner that’s lower in PersonalPoints.

5. Keep measuring cups and spoons handy in the kitchen

Measuring spoons are especially good for measuring out oil, salad dressing, and sugar. Short on drawer space? Streamline your tools this all-in-one mini measuring cup.

6. Whether you're using a tablespoon or cup, it should be leveled off

The best measuring spoons and cups are ones that can be squared off for easy leveling, like this angled one from WW.

7. Take your portion and then move away

You can always go back for seconds if you're still hungry. 

8. Eat on smaller plates

Or bring your lunch in a bento box. (Stylish!) 

9. Go for built-in portion control

Buy individual servings. It may cost you a bit more, but consider it a health savings.

10. Don't match your food to your plate

Researchers at Cornell University’s Food and Brand Lab found that people serve themselves 30% more food when the plate they’re using offers low contrast with the food in question—for example, serving white rice on a white plate. Try to choose plates that have a contrasting color to the food you’re serving.

Want more tips? Search #portioncontrol on Connect.