Diet, Weight Loss and Diabetes

Recognizing the value of weight loss for people with diabetes, The American Diabetes Association (ADA) issues findings regarding diets, exercise and behavior modification.
Diet Weight Loss and Diabetes
  • Modest weight loss improves insulin responsiveness and blood sugar control in individuals with insulin resistance.
  • Structured programs that focus on lifestyle modification, including education, reduced calorie intake, regular physical activity, and regular participation, can produce sustained, modest (e.g., 5-7% of initial body weight) weight loss.
  • Monitoring carbohydrate, whether by carbohydrate counting, choices, or experience-based estimation, remains a key strategy in achieving glycemic control.
  • Regular exercise has been shown to improve blood glucose control, reduce cardiovascular risk factors, contribute to weight loss, and improve well-being.

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The Weight Watchers Approach:

The Weight Watchers approach provides a structured method to lose weight, emphasizing lifestyle modification with its healthy food plans, activity plan, behavior modification and supportive atmosphere. In a large clinical trial, Weight Watchers meetings members experienced greater weight losses than those who dieted on their own, linking regular participation in meetings with enhanced weight-loss success.2

This content is reviewed regularly. Last updated May 15, 2011.


Other Science Library Topics:

1American Diabetes Association. Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes—2011 Diabetes Care. 2011;34 (Supplement 1):S11-S61.

2Heshka S, Anderson JW, Atkinson RL, Greenway FL, Hill JO, Phinney SD, Kolotkin RL, Miller-Kovach K, Pi-Sunyer FX Weight loss with self-help compared with a structured commercial program: a randomized trial. JAMA 2003 Apr 9;289(14):1792-8.