Why do sick days matter?
Being diabetic doesn’t mean you’re more likely to get sick. But being unwell if you have diabetes can make it harder to control your blood sugar levels. So there are a few extra things to remember.
Even if you’re eating less than you normally would, your blood sugars can become very high which can be dangerous. If you have a blood glucose monitor at home it’s a good idea to check your blood sugar levels every 2-3 hours.
If you don’t feel like eating, do you still need to take your medication?
It’s important to try and stick to your normal eating routine, but this can be quite hard if you’re not feeling your best. If you do find yourself eating less, it’s important that you continue to take your medications as usual as being unwell can make your blood glucose rise. Sometimes you may even need to increase your medication, but you GP will tell you to do this if necessary.
It’s also important to pay attention to how much you’re drinking. You don’t want to become dehydrated, so it’s important to drink plenty of unsweetened fluids such as water.
When should you speak to your doctor?
You should contact your GP or specialist nurse if you:
- Are unable to take your diabetes medications for any reason
- Your blood sugar readings are consistently very high (over 13.3 mmol/L) or very low (under 4.0 mmol/L)
- You are experiencing vomiting or diarrhea
You will usually have a pre-agreed, personal sick day plan with your GP. If you don’t have one or you’re not sure then contact your GP to clarify this.
Top tips for dealing with sick days
1. Up your fluid intake
It is important to drink 4 to 6 pints of fluid a day when you’re not feeling well. Remember this doesn’t just have to be water. It can include soup, fruit juices, energy drinks and even popsicles.
2. Make a sick day rescue pack
It’s important to have adequate food intake, even if you don’t feel like eating. A good way to help with this it to keep some sick day snacks handy. Try to choose snacks which have a carbohydrate content of about 15 grams. Your pack should include some sugary drinks, pain killers and extra test strips (if you have an at home glucose monitor).
3. Keep your sick day plan on hand
Your sick day plan is individual to you and will give you clear instructions on what to do if you feel unwell. Keep it in a safe place – you won’t want to be searching the house for it if you’re not feeling very well. Also, remember that it’s OK to call your GP practice and ask questions if you’re unsure about anything.
4. Be prepared
You can also lower the change of getting unwell with flu with a flu vaccination. Ask your GP about this as flu jabs are free if you have diabetes.